History of Sophrology

Origins of Caycedian Sophrology

Sophrology blends several disciplines and is considered as:
  • a science of the human conscience
  • an art of living through the conquest of harmony and the training of personality
  • a philosophy stemming from the phenomenology of existence
The origin of Caycedian Sophrology

Professor Alfonso Caycedo created Sophrology and the term. He was born in Bogota, Colombia.

He studied in Madrid where he trained as a Doctor in Medicine and as a Surgeon, specialised in neurology and psychiatry.  He noticed the absence of scientific studies on human conscience in psychiatry, though most mental diseases are produced by an alteration of the human conscience.

In 1963, he studied phenomenological psychiatry in Switzerland with his master Ludwig Binswanger.  This one suggested Alfonso Caycedo should go to the Far East to study the subject of the conscience like masters from Tibet, Japan and India do.

Then, he became Professor at the Ecole Professionnelle de psychiatrie (Professional School of Psychiatry) in Barcelona and Associate Professor of Psychiatry at the Faculty of Medicine in Barcelona.

Caycedian Sophrology, a unique and scientific process

The term of “Caycedian Sophrology” is legally protected. Doctor Caycedo wanted to save the authenticity of his sophrological and scientific method.  It is destined to master the body-mind balance, to study the appropriation of values by the human being thanks to so called “live and conscious experiment of existence” processes (originally described as “vivancia” in Spanish), which are Caycedo’s own and original creation.

Basic Principles

Those influences have contributed to some of the fundamental principles in Sophrology:
  1. A positive action:  any positive action directed towards our conscience will impact positively the psychic elements of our persona.  In other words, our positive actions bring about positive reactions in our body.  Sophrology activates and energises the positive potential in each of us.
  2. Our body is a reality and it is fully experienced:  everything goes through the body.  It is what Sophrologists call “corporeality” meaning body’s awareness.  There are three levels of conscience passing by:
    • the physical system or “physico-organic” system;
    • the emotional system or “instinctive driving force “, also “affective-emotional-sensitive” system;
    • the psychological system or “intellectual-intuitive” system.
  3. Objective reality:  objective reality concerns the personality of the Sophrologist, who ought to understand and perceive his or her own state of conscience, so as to take it into account when dealing with the patient’s own state of conscience.  “Sophronic alliance” refers to the specific relationship between the Sophrologists and the patient.  It is to be accepted as an existential phenomenological relationship.