Posture is defined as the position and relative arrangement of the body parts. The ideal alignment in the vertical posture allows the body to maintain its balance with a minimum expense of energy. By analogy, bad (or abnormal) posture means the defective relation among the multiple parts of the body. Postural problems typically generate higher tension over the supporting structures which constitute the musculoskeletal system. Posture is influenced by a number of conditioning factors: mechanical and emotional aspects; heredity and race; flexibility; muscle strength; vision; and habits. In addition, feelings of excitation, confidence and satisfaction manifest as an alert attitude and erect posture, whereas depression typically manifests as a slouching posture.
Although no standard approach to assessing posture has been defined, the use of photos has been supported by many studies. Photogrammetry, defined as the interpretation of obtained values from a photographic image, is a quantitative technique that allows the angles and distances between bone references, joints, planes and axes to be measured, reliably assessing posture and identifying misalignment.
Self-awareness of posture is linked to the concept of body image. Posture and body image are closely related. Body image determines differences and plasticity of the postural organization. Due to constant changes in position, tactile and visual perceptions continuously force the remodeling of the posture. Body image is defined as the mental perception of the size, contour and shape of our bodies, as well as our feelings related to those characteristics and to the parts that constitute our body. Therefore, body image has two major components: a perception component, related to the self-estimated body size, and an attitude component, related to affect and cognition. Body image disturbances are seen in neurological and psychiatric disorders.
Most reports on the posture of depressed patients have been observational. In addition, most studies on this topic have assessed eating disorders or have evaluated only depressive symptoms. To our knowledge, there have been no studies quantitatively evaluating posture and body image in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Therefore, this study aims to evaluate the posture and body image in individuals with MDD during episodes and remission, and we compare the results with those obtained for a control group consisting of healthy volunteers.[/vc_column_text][vc_btn title=”Read More Here” color=”danger” size=”sm” i_icon_fontawesome=”fa fa-file-text-o” link=”url:http%3A%2F%2Fwww.scielo.br%2Fpdf%2Frbp%2Fv32n4%2Fa10v32n4.pdf||target:%20_blank” add_icon=”true”][/vc_column][/vc_row]